Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia and, as of 2010, the world’s most recent nation to become a republic. It is bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country.
Nepal is popularly symbolized across the globe, by the highest mountain in the world; Mount Everest. This small South Asian country is home to the world’s highest snowy mountains and an array of ethnic groups with vibrant cultures, religions, ancient history and languages. Nepal, a landlocked nation, situated between India and China, is one of a few countries in the world where such immense climatic and topographic diversity features so dramatically and is crammed into such a small geographical area.
Upper Mustang was opened to non-Nepali trekkers only some fifteen years ago and even today, access is still highly restricted. To enter Upper Mustang, that is to travel further north from Kagbeni, trekkers need special trekking permit and must be accompanied by a government appointed officer.
Mustang Trekking is like going back in time. The region has managed to play itself as a time-capsule that has captured the historic Tibetan Buddhist culture as it was practiced thousands of years ago. The region is also home to many caves that affirm the settlement of prehistoric colonizers.
Mustang Region is rich in Buddhist culture, similar to the Tibet region. It is an alternate way to experience Tibetan culture and landscape. The Tiji festival in Lo-Manthang is another popular destination for tourists in the area seeking to experience the native culture.
Mustang Trek itinerary allows plenty of time to explore the main town of Lo-Manthang, the impressive walled amazing of Mustang trek is scheduled during the summer season when the people are most active in the fields, villages, and monasteries. The Mustang Region Trek ending and starting at Jomsom and from here we fly back to Kathmandu via Pokhara.
The first visitor was in Mustang region Toni Hagen, Swiss explorer and geologist, who visited in 1952. French Michel Peissel is considered the first westerner to stay in Lo-Manthang, during the first authorized exploration of upper Mustang in 1964.
Most of the destinations for Nepal Treks present a verdant environment with Himalayas shadowing green river valleys and terrace-farms littering the topography. But not Mustang! The region is located on the peripheries of the Kali Gandaki Gorge- one of the deepest gorges on the planet. With much of the region’s land being high steppes, the terrain of Mustang presents a picture of sparse vegetation and snow with strong winds and even stronger rock erosions. As Mustang lies on the rain-shadow zone of two prominent Himalayan peaks, the region experiences very little rain. As such, May to September is ideal time for trekking in Mustang!